The Sphynx (also known as Canadian Hairless ) is a rare breed of cat known for its lack of a coat.

The pictures of hairless cats come to us from ancient time proving that this natural mutation has occurred from time to time on the past. The contemporary breed of sphynx (known also as the Canadian sphynx, distinct from the Russian sphynx breeds - Peterbald, Don Sphynx) started in 1966, when in Toronto, Canada, a hairless kitten named Prune was born. It was crossed with its mother, which produced one more naked kitten. Together with a few naked kittens found later it became the primogenitor of the breed. The first sphynx breeders faced a number of problems. The genetic pool was very limited, breeders had rather vague ideas about sphynx genetics, many kittens died. The naked male Epidermis born in 1975 to short-haired mother provided new material to sphynx fanciers and new genes for further breed development. In the early stages of the breed crosses with devon-rex were used, but later this crossing was frowned upon because it caused health problems and devolution. Now the Canadian Sphynx is a breed with a sound genetic pool.

 

Link to source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sphynx_28cat 29